Goldfarb & Lipman has reviewed housing elements, assisted cities in preparing housing elements consistent with State law, and defended jurisdictions in housing element litigation. We review housing elements in advance of their submittal to the Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) to ensure that they comply with State law and have assisted clients in responding to comments from HCD. We have represented cities in defending their housing elements in lawsuits alleging the inadequacy of the housing element, most commonly resulting in a settlement. In one instance, we reviewed the City’s housing element for adequacy prior to adoption and successfully defended the housing element at the Court of Appeals (St. Vincent’s School for Boys v. City of San Rafael). We have also successfully assisted cities in responding to issues raised by HCD after housing element adoption.