On June 25, 2013, in Koontz v. St. Johns River Water Management District, the United States Supreme Court held in a 5-4 decision that a landowner could challenge a project denial based on a government’s unconstitutional demands for either money or property and that, to satisfy constitutional requirements, there must be an “essential nexus” and “rough proportionality” between the government’s demands and the impacts of the development. Download the PDF: LAW ALERT U.S. SUPREME COURT HEIGHTENS CONSTITUTIONAL SCRUTINY OF PROJECT DENIALS BASED ON DEMANDS FOR MONEY